An Analysis Of Sampling Effect On Bilateral Teleoperation System Transparency

The performances of continuous-time controlled and discrete-time controlled bilateral teleoperation systems are mathematically and experimentally studied and compared. The results show that under stability conditions, continuous-time controlled teleoperation systems have hybrid matrix parameters that are closer to their ideal values than their discrete-time controlled counterparts. This means better force tracking and position tracking performance under continuous-time control, which can lead to better task performance.